If you have a close friend or family member with an April birthday, you have a real quandary when it comes to choosing suitable jewellery as the logical choice is that most precious of gemstones – diamond – April Birthstone.
You probably know that a diamond is simply carbon. This is the same stuff as a pencil “lead” or soot, but few women would thank you for jewellery made from pencils or the smoke residue from a bonfire!
Research has shown that South African diamonds were produced during three main time periods in the history of the Earth. The oldest diamonds in existence are about 3.3 billion years old. These were formed during earth’s beginnings.
The second major phase came about 2.9 billion years ago. Impurities inside these diamonds suggest that these diamonds formed in rocks in a shallow sea. This could show that the carbon that made these of diamonds came from the remains of ancient sea creatures.
The youngest large batches of diamonds in existence are thought to be 1.2 billion years old.
It also seems that the planet no longer produces diamonds in the same way that it used to. This must mean that there are fewer diamonds to be discovered today.
Affordable Alternatives to Diamond – April Birthstone
Because of its low cost, durability, and close visual likeness to diamond, synthetic cubic zirconia has remained the most gemologically and economically important competitor for diamonds since commercial production began in 1976.
Moissanite is a gemstone born from the stars. It was first discovered in 1893 by a French scientist named Henri Moissan, who later won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He discovered microscopic particles of the gem that would eventually bear his name in Arizona, in a crater created by a meteorite that fell to Earth. He initially thought that he had discovered diamonds, but later determined that the crystals were composed of silicon carbide.
Natural moissanite is incredibly rare, so moissanite available today is laboratory-created. After many years of trial and error, the particles Moissan discovered were successfully synthesized to produce what is now one of the world’s most scintillating gemstones.
Moissanite is now engineered to give the illusion of similarity to diamonds.
Swarovski Crystals are a man-made product of raw materials using natural minerals and pure quartz sand. The minerals and sand are combined and fired for an undisclosed period of time. Once removed from firing, they go through a very slow cooling process. The slow cooling process reduces flaws and imperfections in the final product.