Birthstones

Swarovski Crystals in Birthstone Colours
Swarovski Crystal Jewellery in Birthstone Colours

Birthstones or gemstones have long been associated with  particular times of the year.

This dates back to pagan beliefs that the cycles of nature and the seasons directly affect a person’s characteristics and that his or her birth is itself part of a cycle of nature. In the bible, the breastplate of Aaron was set with 12 gemstones representing the 12 tribes of Israel. (Exodus 28:15-19)

These beliefs exist today in astrology and in the association of certain stones and colours with each month.  By 1870, Tiffany & Co were marketing Birthstones with a series of 12 poems – one for each month – describing how the birthstone associated with each month  will help to shape the characteristics of a person born in that month . See this Wikipedia article.

However, this was not the only list; a number of competing sets of birthstones were circulated leading to standardisation by jewellery industry bodies across the world during the first half of the twentieth century. By 1937, the National Association of Goldsmiths in Britain set out this list which has become the internationally (almost) accepted one.

Month Stone Swarovski Crystal Colour
January Garnet Siam 208
February Amethyst Amethyst 204
March Aquamarine, Heliotrope Aquamarine 202
April Diamond, Rock Crystal Crystal 001
May Emerald, Chrysoprase Emerald
June Pearl, Moonstone White Opal
July Ruby, Carnelian Light Siam 227
August Peridot, Sardonyx Peridot 214
September Sapphire, Lapis Lazuli Sapphire 206
October Opal Grey Opal
November Topaz, Citrine Citrine 249
December Tanzanite, Turquoise Tanzanite 539

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